(Webmaster note: In Thomas Taylor's photo notice his
hat to his left side. It is one of the best 3rd insignia that I have seen
as yet. It is a remarkable photo).
It took awhile to get permission to use the Thomas Taylor letter from
family member. You have permission to use the letter, and I will
sending you Thomas Jefferson Taylor's photo via e-mail. Your
We believe T. J. Taylor is one of six children to George (b. VA) and
Mariah Mc Glauthern (b. PA) Taylor. The children: David, Charles,
T. J., Sarrina, Eli, and Elizabeth were probably all born in Ohio.
Per 1860 Census T. J. Taylor (b OH) married one R. M. (b MO) and had
a son John Taylor born in IA.
It appears that David Taylor (b OH) served in the 9th Cavalry Co. E
1863 to 1864. The 1870 Census shows David and Frances (b VA)
Taylor had 3 children - John, Eli, and Maria. One Mary A. BOWMAN
(b OH) age 23 and Allen BOWMAN age 1 are possibly living with, or visiting,
the David Taylor family.
Eli Taylor served in Companies D and E from 1862-1864. Eli and
Taylor and his family were in California from 1890 on. Eli Taylor's
letter to his brother Charles Taylor asks about their brother David
Charles Taylor (b OH) 1827 is my great grandfather. Charles suffered
health, taught school, and moved to KS for the drier climate.
He and his
wife Harriet Marney Taylor were parents to six sons, and two daughters.
Their children were: George, Mary, Jonathan, Eli, T. Jeff., Ann Mariah,
Marion, and Elias Taylor Mary the daughter of Wm. and Polly
"adopted" by Charles and Harriet Taylor. Charles Taylor homesteaded
Norton County, KS. Some of Charles and Harriet Taylor's sons
later ranched in Sherman County, KS. Charles and Harriet Taylor's
youngest son Elias was my grandfather and keeper of the old family letters.
Taylor is a common name, and I appreciate the chance that your website
may help us connect to other Taylor relatives. I hope the Bowman
information proves helpful to someone searching the Bowman line.
I'm not sure where you saw
this letter, but here is a copy. This was
written from Thomas Jefferson Taylor to his brother, my grandfather,
Taylor. Yes, I believe Eli was a brother to T. J., David and
Taylor. I'm not sure about some of the other Taylor names you
The letter was written on a small sheet of folded paper, and all space
used. The original belongs to another family member.
typed from a photocopy of original
May 18, 1862
Sulphus Rock, Independence County, Arkansas
Dear Bro. Having a little leisure today I thought I would write
you a short epistle to let you know where we are and how we do. We
are at the above named place it being about one hundred miles South of
the Arkansas line (North line) and two hundred and fifty miles South of
Rolla, MO. and three hundred and fifty miles from St. Louis by way
of Rolla. The country from St. Louis until you get about thirty miles
from here is one of the hardest looking countries that a white man ever
saw being nothing but mountain knobs, rocks, etc. with now and then a garden
spot along the small streams.
A man may travel for days along the ridges without seeing a house
and from the general appearances one would think that the country was entirely
without inhabitants, but if you traverse the small streams (which are numerous
and as clear as crystal) you can find a great many natives and as a general
thing they are very ignorant and almost entirely illiterate not averaging
one school to a township. But at each County Seat they generally
have one good school at which the few planters (as they call them here-
a man who owns darkies) school their children and any man who is not able
to board his children from home and pay at the rate of twelve dollars per
quarter per scholar can not school his children. Consequently they
remain uneducated and almost as ignorant as the natives of the Western
Territories and you can see them scaling the knobs and hills in every direction
approach of the Union troop but the scene has changed considerable
we have tolerable good country now and a good class of citizens who are
fun to converse with and proud of the old flag which the majority of them
are always ready to cheer at its first appearance. It is a fact-undeniable
the majority of the citizens of this frontier of Arkansas are as big as
the citizens of Iowa, but perhaps you may be puzzled to know how it happened
that those men have not come out on the side of the Union ere this truth
is that the state was taken out of the Union by intrigue and that on the
heels of the election which gave a large majority to remain in the Union.
Then they assumed the right to compel them into the state service for the
protection of the states and then by fever of the Texans they were compelled
to join the Confederate Service and then by aid of rebel Electors ( no
kind being allowed to publish a paper). They succeeded in
making the people believe that we were negro thieves and that it was our
avowed intention to free the negro and make him their equal. Another
device was that we were sending no troops by lop-eared Dutch (as they call
them) and that the Northern men were too big cowards to fight and consequently
all they had to do was to clean out the Dutch and all would be safe.
They have awakened up after a long sleep and find that in courage we are
their equals and in physical strength and equipment we are their superiors.
Things are perfectly quiet here now. The boys are all well with the
exception of Isaac Duvall who has the Ague George’s Charles Taylor
is as big as his father.
William Bowiman (or Bowman per CE), James Johnson and all the other
boys are in fine health and good spirits. I was not able to leave
you the money which I owe you but will send it to you as soon as I have
an opportunity to do so. Give my respects to Harriett and the children
tell them that when I return that I will bring them some presents.
My respects to all inquiring friends. Your Bro. T. J. Taylor.
Third Regiment of Iowa Volunteers - Company I - Line Officer
3rd Calvary- Captain Thomas J. Taylor, with Thomas H. McDannal 1st Lieutenant,
Edward F. Horton 2nd Lieutenant. T. J. Taylor (1833-24 July 1862)
enlisted for three years from Keokuk died of disease while in service.
His letter is written to his brother Charles Taylor, a teacher, and
uses all writing space available.