Biography: 1st Sgt. Samuel R. Snyder
By: Priscilla A. Boswell


Samuel Renatus Snyder was born on 18, 1823 in Friedland, Stokes Co., North Carolina, son of Philip and Catherina Barbara (Hummel) Schneider. He resided in North Carolina until 1848, when Samuel, his wife Martha (Whicker) and their children moved to Bartholomew Co., Indiana. In 1856, the family removed first to Appanoose Co., Iowa, and later to Soap Creek, Davis Co., Iowa, where they homesteaded. In addition to being a farmer, Samuel was a carpenter, and built a schoolhouse north of Ottumwa, Iowa. He also taught German and was a vocal music teacher and church organist in Ottumwa.

Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Samuel R. Snyder enlisted at Centerville, Iowa on Aug. 20, 1861, for a three-year term in the Union Army. He was mustered in at Keokuk, Iowa on Sept. 5, 1861, as a 1st" Sergeant in Company I, 3d Regiment of Iowa Cavalry. He was described in the Regimental Book as 5 feet 4 ½ inches, light complexion, hazel eyes, and light hair.

On Sept. 1, 1862, he was appointed Brevet Lieutenant. Samuel R. Snyder appeared on the Company Muster rolls as present from Aug. 21, 1861 to May 1863, except in March 1862, when he was absent on sick furlough to Davis Co., Iowa for 30 days. He was transferred from Company 1, 3d Iowa Cavalry on May 20, 1863, by reason of promotion to Captain of the 2nd Regiment Arkansas Volunteers of African Descent. On Sept. 14, 1863, he was discharged from the 3d Iowa Cavalry, and a final discharge was furnished on July 22, 1867.

In his later years, Samuel lived in Kansas City, Missouri. He died there at age 76, on May 4, 1899 and is buried in the Soldiers Cemetery in Kansas City.
References: National Archives, Civil War Records of Samuel R. Snyder, 3d Iowa Cavalry